"The future ain't what it used to be."
— Yogi Berra
There is a popular story about James Watt who was inspired to invent the steam engine only by seeing a kettle boiling. James Watt, of course, did not actually invent the steam engine, but dramatically improved the efficiency of the existing Newcomen engine that led to the unimagined progress and still ongoing industry revolution.
Long story short, the first Industrial Revolution started in 1784 and used water and steam power to mechanize production. The Second which used electric power to create mass production started after almost 100 years in 1870. Another 100 years had passed and in 1969 the Third revolution appeared which used electronics and information technology for automation.
The world changed unrecognizably, and today it changes faster than ever before due to the crazy amount of people and improvements they create. The planet in the 2030s will be more automated and more productive, and unfortunately millions of today’s professions will no longer exist.
There are no more jobs for life and we stand on the horizon of the future. Accelerating progress leads us to the 4th industry revolution that doesn't need hundred years to appear. Artificial Intelligence, robotics, and the next generation technology not only stirs our imagination but already changes our daily life.
Since work should provide stability, it's good to know how our professions and career paths will change at least in the next two decades. Continue and find out what the 2030's labor market promises and demands.
Shaping the future
World Economic Forum estimated that some 65% of children entering primary schools today will likely work in roles that don't currently exist. However, Michael Møller, the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva, is more pessimistic, saying that 80% of occupations will fade after 20 years.
Technology is a key player why future careers are so rapidly changing.
For instance, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the most productive employee, not only in the 21st century, but also in entire human history. However, while it is as fast as 100 people, it can only deliver single-task jobs. AI lacks some human soft skills, like social and emotional intelligence, creativity and responsible decision-making.
While hundreds of millions of people will lose their single-task jobs in a near decade, don't get frightened. Jobs on a whole Planet Earth will never end. The only difference is that future human professions will not be so "robotic" and more people will have to focus on their "human skills".
The future is shaped by science innovations and discoveries, which lead to new or evolved industries. Finally, changing industries lead to an always changing labor market.
Robotics, autonomous transport, advanced materials, biotechnology, stem cell advances, 3D printing, bid data and crypto currency are only last-decade progressive innovations.
We don't want to speculate on such far future professions as time brokers or clone ranchers since a lot of inventions and breakthroughs need to be done. So, here we give a realistic future career review of 2030 for some of the today's most common industries.
Promising industries and professions that move along with technologies, demand a huge workforce and irreplaceable human skills.
Find yours and understand the challenges and opportunities that future creates.
Future career review of 2030
Obama's federal health care reform is not the main reason why the medical sector needs more and more people. The vast amount of people and aging population is the first and only reason. Artificial Intelligence and robotics help in surgeries, but can't replace nurses or medics entirely, since AI can't replace genuine human customer service.
Personal contact between the patient and knowledge-equipped, ready-to-help medic is a key component in this industry.
Medicine has never been more developed than it is today. In fact, during this decade, there are more discoveries and inventions in medicine than in physics. Every new advance increases aging time; thus, signifying a bigger demand of medics too. Few advances of this decade include:
- CRISPR-Cas9 new technique that allows scientists to make specific changes to specific genes in living cells.
- The release of Human Genome lets us discover what our 23,000 genes do.
- Heart disease deaths drop by 40 Percent due to new genetic engineering technologies and newly invented drugs.
- Minimally Invasive and Robotic Techniques revolutionizing surgery.
While telemedicine, telesurgery, robotic surgical equipment and other forms of automation increase productivity, they also decrease the cost of procedures.
Challenger's firm analyzed the hottest job sectors from 2018 through 2025 and half of the sectors were caregiving and health-related. For instance, home health aide jobs are expected to grow a whopping 38.1%.
The industry of medicine is hot and demands more and more professional workers. The wages in medicine will increase too, so if you choose to build a career in this industry, you have a promising future.
THE DEMAND OF MEDICAL JOBS: Home careers, elderly well-being consultants, medical sonographers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, dentists and dental hygienists, nano-medics, medical and health services managers, registered nurses, licensed practical and vocational nurses, nurse practitioners, physicians, home health aides, personal care aides.
ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT
The span of global warming had never been worse than it is now. Within rising social awareness and new technologies, there will be a need for more renewable sources of energy. Jobs in maintaining wind farms, wave power energy sources and solar panel installations will demand designers, builders and engineers for at least the next 30 years.
Cost and energy-efficient roof panels and fuel cell manufacturing are some of the last breakthroughs in the energy sector, leading to the national electric grid, broken into a series of personal micro power stations. All this clean energy movement and global shift in the energy sector give an enormous demand for various kinds of electrics.
Additionally, industry experts are now projecting that we will reach 1 trillion sensors in the world by 2024. More installations, more engineers and people who work with electricity will be needed.
The global warming crisis creates jobs, not only in the energy sector, but also in the environment industry. Hot earth regions don't have sufficient water supply, but innovations have started to solve this problem.
One of the more significant environment breakthroughs is happening in the area of atmospheric water harvesters, being developed by a new breed of water innovators.
The damage done by the global warming crisis will be appreciable in few more future decades and this industry will demand millions of employees.
THE DEMAND OF ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT JOBS: system transitionists, power conversion specialists, efficiency optimizers, benefits translators, secondary opportunity expansionists and backlash minimizers, sensor inventors, designers, engineers, data stream organizers, failure point assessors, data transmission optimizers, system anthropologists and data actuaries, site collection lease managers, system architects, water supply transitionists, atmospheric water harvesters purification monitors, impact assessors, rewilders.
Great "last-decade" achievements in Big Data field open new doors for an analyst profession. Big Data allows one to analyze consumer behavior, study market conditions and navigate through the competitive business landscape. A huge amount of information becomes a crucial competitive advantage for every single business, so employees who can bring Big Data analysis-based suggestions are necessary for business.
Though small companies expect managers to learn new skills in Big Data analysis, new full-time analyst professionals will be in demand more than ever before. Artificial Intelligence, may help to find solutions in a vast amount of Big Data information, but it can't understand real-life competitive business challenges. This is where analysts with broad understandings find a perfect niche.
Business Consultants started using Big Data and became Operations Research Analysts, as well as managers started becoming digital marketers when a vast amount of internet channels and tools appeared in the last decade.
According to the BLS, computer systems analyst jobs will increase 20.9% by 2024. Market research analyst and marketing specialist jobs, which also require those analytical skills, will increase 18.6%. Big Data is a great and interesting field, which will create new jobs and offer a solid wage.
There was always a demand for managers and there will always be. The future world will be more digital, more virtual and more global; moreover, a new generation of managers will be required to have social intelligence and new media literacy.
Social media managers and social network organizers will be needed because more people will start to view themselves as a brand and will need a manager to organize the strategies on how to remain relevant. Personal image and branding are becoming increasingly important in Westernized societies.
As the world with industries and technologies changes, some skills become obsolete while others become rather prominent. The University of Kent, along with the Institute for the Future and Headway Recruiting teamed up to present the contrast of future and present skills.
Current skills such as communication and teamwork will be replaced by new skills such as cross-cultural competency and social influence.
Further, due to the rapidly growing medical sector and more and more private clinics being opened, the demand for Health Service Managers will increase.
A future manager will be a person who can use the best available technologies and tools to provide profit for business in a competitive world; a person who understands the realities of today and the trends of the future.
New technologies such as Virtual Reality (VR), Augment Reality (AR) or Mixed Reality (MR) will be core in the future, so the demand of software specialists will increase. Those who can program will create the world we live in.
According to the BLS, software development jobs will grow 18.8% between now and 2024. Nowadays, software developers earn a median income of $103,083 a year, but wages will grow due to the continuously increasing demand of skilled employees, the high pace of changing technologies and increasing complexity.
With the computerization of everything today and in the future, we have a huge demand of people who manage computer systems. Web development will keep innovating, being constantly improved by new standards.
The digital industry will continuously increase for decades, offer a solid wage and ask for your help.
THE DEMAND OF SOFTWARE INDUSTRY JOBS: information security analysts, web developers, mobile app developers, virtual reality developers, computer system analysts, software architects.
Science is the number one reason why the world evolves. More scientists mean more brainpower, which means new discoveries and innovations. So teaching plays a key role here.
The systems used to create colleges centuries ago seem justifiably primitive by today's standards. Knowledge in the connected global world, when we can find any answer in any language in seconds, became obsolete. How we search for data and our curiosity for understanding, become a more important thing than teaching knowledge.
Although new children born less than in a past and it's enough of teachers we have today, the average educator is continuously getting older. Today's education system begs for young professional teachers who are ready to educate children in a new way; people who have a fresh understanding of today's world.
Big discussions are ongoing regarding a salary increase for teachers to both keep a supply of professional teachers and to educate a new generation in an effective way. Singapore, along with East Asia and Finland are great examples of effective education systems which let citizens stay competitive in the global market.
However, the national education system doesn't evolve fast enough due to bureaucracy. Colleges today cost far too much, and take far too long to meet a fast changing market demands. This is why new ways of teaching are surfacing.
Autonomic learning which we call "Life Learning" continuously increases and has a demand for new up-to-date teachers. The online world leads to a need for more virtual teachers and online educational material developers.
As the population ages and older people require retraining in new skills, traditional colleges can't provide this specific service. Autonomic online education is one of the options, as well as skill training centers called Micro Colleges.
Therefore… learning to learn is a key skill of today and the future.
Today's fast changing world requires learning, because there are no more jobs for life. The future is more about how you learn, rather than for knowledge itself, and the obsolete national system can't provide effective training. For this reason, the education industry demands professional teachers more than ever before.
The workplace of the future
If you wind back 20 years, people had jobs for life. Nowadays, most graduates leave their first job within three years. People are moving more and working from different places, and that will only accelerate in the future. Cloud technologies and global live teleconferences already let us work remotely.
Today's noisy office environment, time consuming meetings, and routine processes create a non-effective climate. To stay competitive, businesses need to pivot on important things that lead to better productivity. A work environment which is result oriented, where employees choose how they want to do, when they want to do, as long as the work gets done on time will become common.
Productivity is a key measure of future employees. Work will not be measured by the hours employees work, but by what they achieve.
Multiple remote workers, freelancers and contract workers have emerged steadily over the last decade and this trend shows a new truth to how employees want to work. One Intuit report projects that more than 40% of U.S. workers will be independent contractors by 2020.
Today's offices can't provide effective autonomy, and performance related bonuses have little or no long-term value in motivating staff. Increasing staff freedom is a far more effective way to motivate employees and future offices will practice it broadly.
The world changes faster than ever before in all human history due to the crazy amount of people and improvements they create. Fantastic technologies and inventions let people live longer, healthier, better and cheaper.
Innovations and discoveries will increase even more because of the Artificial Intelligence, setting hundreds of millions of people free from robotic single-task jobs. Employees will use "human skills", will work smarter and will be more productive; thus, leading to unimagined progress of our civilization.
With the world moving as fast as it is, we need to become a society of people who are always learning new things, constantly adapting to changes. Only people who have lifelong learning skills will not vanish out of the labor market.
Will we run out of work for the world because of technologies? Of course not. Jobs will never end. In 1980s era, when everybody had jobs, in today's world, when we compete for positions, and in the future, where there is no place for "robotic jobs", we will always find a way to adjust to the situation.
We are on the horizon of the big change, and the least what we can do is to ignore the progressive world. We need to learn to learn and we will always find a place in the competitive labor market. Today and in the future.